Using Role, Audience, Format, and Topic (RAFT) in Teaching Writing

Ratih Anggraini, Bustami Usman

Abstract


This study was a quantitative research about the implementing of Role, Audience, Format, and Topic (RAFT) strategy used in teaching writing descriptive text. The participant of this study was the students from second grade of Junior High School: SMP 10 which divided into the experimental group and the control group. They were chosen by using simple random sampling. The reason for conducting this study was due to the fact that students’ writing skill was still low. Moreover, the design used in this study was true experiment with pre-test-post-test control group design. The data was collected through pre-test, treatment, and post-test. The findings showed that mean of post-test of experimental class (=62.35) was higher than mean of post-test of control class (=44.3). The result of t-score of experimental class (=9.16) was higher than t-score of control class (=4.87) with the level of significance (=0.05). Hence, it can be concluded that Role, Audience, Format, and Topic (RAFT) can improve the students’ writing skill in descriptive text.


Keywords


Writing skill; role, audience, format, and topic (RAFT)

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ary, D., Jacobs, L. C., Sorensen, C., & Razavieh, A. (2010). Introduction to Research in Education (8th ed.). Belmonth: Wadsworth.

Brown, H. D. (2004). Language Assessment: Principles and Classroom Practices. New York: Longman.

Brummer, T. & Clark, S. K. (2008). Writing Strategies for Mathematics. Huntington Beach: Shell Education.

Buehl, D. (2014). Classroom Strategies for Interactive Learning (4th ed.). Newark: International Reading Association.

Fata,I.A.,Vebryana,Yusuf,Q.,&Yusuf,Q.Y.(2016). Proceeding of International Conference on education, islamic studies and social science research (pp 55-60), Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh.

Fisher, D & Frey, N. (2007). Checking for Understanding: Formative Assessment Technics for Your Classroom. Alexandria: ASCD.

Groenke, S. L., & Puckett, R. (2006). Becoming Environmentally Literate Citizens. Science Teacher, 73(8), 22–27.

Haynes, J., & Zacarian, D. (2010). Teaching English Language Learners: Accross the Contents Areas. Alexandria: ASCD.

Hughes, N., & Schwab, I. (2010). Teaching Adult Literacy: Principles and Practice. Maidenhead: Open University Press.

Linse, C. T., & Nunan, D. (2005). Practical English language teaching: Young learners. New York: Mc.Graw-Hill.

Meredith, Kurtis, S., & Steele, J. L. (2011). Classroom of Wonder and Wisdom: Reading, Writing, and Critical Thinking for the 21st Century. California: Corwin Press.

Richards, J. C., & Renandya, W. A. (2002). Methodology in Language Teaching: An Anthology of Current Practice. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Richards, J. C., & Schmidt, R. (2010). Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics (4th ed.). Hallow: Longman.

Scott, D., & Usher, R. (2011). Researching Education: Data, Methods, Theory in Educational Enquiry (2nd ed.). London: Continuum.

Sudjana. (2005). Metoda Statistika. Bandung: PT. Tarsito.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Research in English and Education Journal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2016 Syiah Kuala University

e-ISSN: 2528-746X

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.