Variasi Kemasan dan Lama Penyimapanan Terhadap Mutu Sayur Okra (Abelmuschus esculentum)

Diana Sukma, Martunis Martunis, Irfan Irfan

Abstract


Abstrak. sayur okra merupakan sumber sayuran yang kaya serat, mineral, serta vitamin. Penelitian ini bertujuan mempelajari pengaruh berbagi jenis kemasan plastik untuk mempertahankan mutu sayur okra selama penyimpanan. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) Faktorial dua faktor. Faktor I jenis kemasan (K) terdiri atas tiga taraf : K1 (Plastik PE), K2 (Plastik PP), dan K3 (Plastik LDPE). Faktor II Lama Penyimpanyan (L) yang terdiri dari 2 taraf : L1 (6 hari ), L2 (12 hari), menggunakan tiga kali ulangan diperoleh 18 satuan percobaan. Analisis yang dilakukan meliputi kadar air, susut bobot, dan uji deskriptif berupa warna, tekstur dan penampakan. Hasil penilitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan jenis kemasan (K) berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap  susut bobot sayur okra (P≤0.01). Perlakuan jenis kemasan (K) berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap warna sayur okra. Taraf perlakuan jenis kemasan (K), lama penyimpanan (L), dan interaksi kedua perlakuan (KL) berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap nilai tekstur.

PACKAGING AND OLD VARIATION STORAGE ON OKRA QUALITY VEGETABLES (Abelmuschus esculentum)

Abstract. : okra vegetables are a source of vegetables that are rich in fiber, minerals, and vitamins. This study aims to study the effect of sharing types of plastic packaging to maintain the quality of okra vegetables during storage. This study used Factorial Randomized Block Design (RBD) two factors. The first type of packaging factor (K) consists of three levels: K1 (Plastic PE), K2 (Plastic PP), and K3 (Plastic LDPE). Factor II Length of Deployment (L) consisting of 2 levels: L1 (6 days), L2 (12 days), using three replications obtained 18 experimental units. The analysis carried out included water content, weight loss, and descriptive tests in the form of color, texture and appearance. The results of the study showed that the treatment of the type of packaging (K) had a very significant effect on the shrinkage of the okra vegetable weight (P (0.01). Treatment type of packaging (K) has a very real effect on the color of okra vegetables. The level of treatment of the type of packaging (K), length of storage (L), and the interaction of the two treatments (KL) had a very significant effect on the texture value.


Keywords


Kemasan; Sayur Okra; Lama penyimpanan; Mutu;Packaging, Okra Vegetables, Storage Length, Quality

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References


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E-ISSN: 2614-6053 2615-2878 Statistic Indexing | Citation


Alamat Tim Redaksi:
Fakultas Pertanian,Universitas Syiah Kuala
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Email:jimfp@unsyiah.ac.id