Produksi Hijauan Segar dan Kadar Bahan Kering Rumput Setaria (Setaria sphacelata) dengan Aplikasi Mikoriza Arbuskula pada Level Berbeda

Ulfa Purwati, Asril Asril, Mira Delima

Abstract


Suatu penelitian tentang produksi hijauan segar dan kadar bahan kering rumput setaria (Setaria sphacelata) telah dilakukan di Laboratorium Lapangan Peternakan (LLP) yang terletak di Jalan Utama Gampong Rukoh dan Laboratorium Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan Prodi Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala mulai dari bulan Februari 2017 hingga April 2017. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian mikoriza arbuskula terhadap produksi hijauan segar dan kadar bahan kering rumput setaria (Setaria sphacelata). Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) yang terdiri atas 4 perlakuan dengan 5 ulangan. Perlakuan L0 adalah perlakuan kontrol/tanpa pemberian mikoriza arbuskula, perlakuan L1 adalah perlakuan dengan pemberian 5 gr mikoriza arbuskula per rumpun, perlakuan L2 adalah perlakuan dengan pemberian 10 gr mikoriza arbuskula per rumpun, sedangkan  perlakuan L3 adalah perlakuan dengan pemberian 15 gr mikoriza arbuskula per rumpun. Parameter yang diukur adalah produksi hijauan segar dan kadar bahan kering. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian mikoriza arbuskula tidak berpengaruh (P>0,05)  terhadap produksi hijauan segar dan kadar bahan kering.

Fresh Forages Production and Dry Matter Content of Setaria (Setaria sphacelata) with Different Level of Arbuscular Mycorrizal Application

A research concerning fresh forages production and dry matter content of setaria (Setaria sphacelata) grass with different level of arbuscular mycorrizal application was conducted at Field Laboratory Peternakan (LLP) located on Jalan Utama Gampong Rukoh and at Nutritional Science and Feed Technology Laboratory, Department of Animal Husbandry Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University.  The research had been conducted from February until April 2017. The objective of the research was to find the effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal application toward fresh forages production and dry matter content of setaria grass. Completely Randomized Design was used in this research consists of four treatments (L0 = 0 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps (control), L1 = 5 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps, L2 = 10 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps, and L3 = 15 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps), and five replications. Fresh forages production and dry matter content were the parameter determined. Statistical analysis result indicated that there was no significant effect (P>0.05) caused by the treatments on fresh forages production and dry matter content. Therefore, the conclusion of this research was that all level of arbuscular mycorrhizal applied had no effect on setaria grass fresh production and dry matter content.

 


A research concerning fresh forages production and dry matter content of setaria (Setaria sphacelata) grass with different level of arbuscular mycorrizal application was conducted at Field Laboratory Peternakan (LLP) located on Jalan Utama Gampong Rukoh and at Nutritional Science and Feed Technology Laboratory, Department of Animal Husbandry Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University.  The research had been conducted from February until April 2017. The objective of the research was to find the effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal application toward fresh forages production and dry matter content of setaria grass. Completely Randomized Design was used in this research consists of four treatments (L0 = 0 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps (control), L1 = 5 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps, L2 = 10 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps, and L3 = 15 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps), and five replications. Fresh forages production and dry matter content were the parameter determined. Statistical analysis result indicated that there was no significant effect (P>0.05) caused by the treatments on fresh forages production and dry matter content. Therefore, the conclusion of this research was that all level of arbuscular mycorrhizal applied had no effect on setaria grass fresh production and dry matter content.

Keywords


Mikoriza arbuskula; rumput setaria ; Arbuscular mycorrhizal; setaria grass

References


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Setiadi, Y. 2001. Status Penelitian dan Pemanfaatan Cendawan Mikoriza Arbuskula dan Rhizobium untuk Merehabilitas Lahan Terdegradasi. Seminar Nasional Mikoriza. 15-16 November 1999, Bogor.

Subramanian, K.S.,C. Charest, L.M. Dwyer, dan R.I. Hamilton. 1995. Arbuscular mycorhizal and water relations in maize under drought stress at tasseling. New Phytol. 129: 643-650.

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