Pengaruh Penggunaan Bahan Pakan Fermentasi Campuran Dedak Padi, Dedak Jagung, dan Bungkil Kedelai terhadap Produksi Telur Ayam Ras Petelur

Nadia Nadia, Herawati Latif, Zulfan Zulfan

Abstract


Abstrak : Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh  penggunaan bahan pakan fermentasi yang tersusun dari dedak padi, dedak jagung, dan bungkil kedelai dengan ukuran bobot badan awal berbeda terhadap  produksi telur ayam ras petelur.  Penelitian ini dilakukan di Laboratorium Lapangan Peternakan (LLP),  Program Studi Peternakan,  Fakultas Pertanian,  Universitas Syiah Kuala tanggal 13 Februari‒14 April 2017. Penelitian ini menggunakan 48 ekor ayam ras petelur (layer), strain Isa Brown.    Rancangan yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap Faktorial (RAL  Faktorial) pola  3x2.   Faktor A merupakan perlakuan pemberian pakan fermentasi berbasis dedak padi + dedak jagung + bungkil kedelai  dengan level 0% (A1),  15% (A2), dan 30% (A3).  Faktor B merupakan perlakuan ukuran bobot badan awal ayam  yang terdiri dari bobot badan awal sedang (B1) dan berat (B2).   Tiap kombinasi perlakuan terdiri dari empat  ulangan yang  merupakan unit percobaan  yang masing-masing terdiri dari dua ekor ayam ras petelur.   Hasil penelitian disimpulkan bahwa bahan pakan fermentasi berbasis dedak padi + dedak jagung + bungkil kedelai  dedak padi  dapat digunakan sampai 30% untuk mensubsitusi ransum komersil selama bulan pertama periode produksi telur tanpa berpengaruh buruk terhadap produksi telur (HDP), berat telur, dan massa telur  ayam ras,  baik yang berukuran berat badan awal berat maupun sedang.

Effect of Inclusion of Feed FermentationComposed of Rice Bran, Corn Branand Soybean Meal on Egg Production of Laying Hens


Abstrac: The objective of  present study was to determine effect of inclusion of fermentation feed constituted of 40% rice bran + 40% corn bran+ 20% soybean meal as partial substitution of commercial diet  to egg production of  laying hens.   As many as 48 pullets were used in this study.  The study was performed into 3x2 factorial completely randomized design.  The 1th factor was the inclusion of fermentation feed as partial substitution of commercial diets with the level of 0, 15, and 30%, respectively. The 2nd factor was the initial body weights of pullets classified into medium and heavy weight. Replication was an experimental unit consisted of 3 birds. The results of study showed that fermentation feed based on rice bran + corn bran+soybean meal could be used up to 30% to  substitute of commercial diet without adverse effect on egg production  of  laying hens  either  medium  or heavy weight. There was no interaction between fermentation feed and initial body weights of hens. 

 

 

  

The objective of  present study was to determine effect of inclusion of fermentation feed constituted of 40% rice bran + 40% corn bran+ 20% soybean meal as partial substitution of commercial diet  to egg production of  laying hens.   As many as 48 pullets were used in this study.  The study was performed into 3x2 factorial completely randomized design.   The 1th factor was the inclusion of fermentation feed as partial substitution of commercial diets with the level of 0, 15, and 30%, respectively.  The 2nd factor was the initial body weights of pullets classified into medium and heavy weight.  Replication was an experimental unit consisted of 3 birds.  The results of study showed that fermentation feed based on rice bran + corn bran+soybean meal could be used up to 30% to  substitute of commercial diet without adverse effect on egg production  of  laying hens  either  medium  or heavy weight.  There was no interaction between fermentation feed and initial body weights of hens.  

Keywords


Ayam Ras Petelur, ; Pakan Fermentasi, ;Produksi Telur ; Fermentation, ; Hen, ; Egg Production

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