Dampak Implementasi Tarif 0% ACFTA terhadap Nilai Ekspor 8 Komoditas Pertanian Indonesia ke Tiongkok

Ade Rahmah, Safrida Safrida, Akhmad Baihaqi

Abstract


Abstrak. negara Indonesia yang termasuk anggota ASEAN dengan negara Tiongkok. Kebijakan utama yang tertuang dalam kesepakatan tersebut yakni pembebasan dan penurunan tarif terhadap kegiatan perdagangan antara negara-negara yang tergabung didalamnya. Penelitian ini menganalisis apakah terdapat perbedan yang signifikan pada nilai ekspor komoditas pertanian Indonesia ke Tiongkok setelah adanya implementasi tarif 0% ACFTA dan bagaimana dampak dari implementasi kesepakatan perjanjian perdagangan bebas dalam ruang lingkup ACFTA (ASEAN China Free Trade Area) terhadap nilai ekspor 8 komoditas pertanian Indonesia ke Tiongkok yakni: (1) lemak dan minyak hewani/nabati, (2) karet dan produk karet, (3) kayu dan produk kayu, (4) ikan, udang, dan makanan laut lainnya, (5) kakao, (6) kopi, teh dan rempah, (7) sayuran dan buah-buahan, (8) gula dan kembang gula dengan menggunakan uji beda sampel berpasangan (Paired T Test) terhadap dua periode pengamatan, yakni sebelum dan sesudah ACFTA. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan ke arah peningkatan nilai ekspor setelah implementasi tarif 0% ACFTA serta implementasi tarif 0% ACFTA berdampak positif bagi ekspor 8 komoditas pertanian indonesia ke Tiongkok. Adapun komoditas yang paling tinggi peningkatan nilai ekspor karena implementasi tarif 0% ACFTA berturut-turut yakni minyak dan lemak hewani/nabati, karet dan produk karet serta kayu dan produk dari kayu.

The Impact Of The Implementation Of The Tariff Of 0% Acfta (Asean China Free Trade Area) The Export Value Of Eight Agricultural Commodities Indonesia To China)

Abstract. ASEAN China Free Trade Area (ACFTA) is a form of free trade agreements between ASEAN countries Indonesia as a member of the Chinese state. The main policy set out in the agreement the exemption and reduction in tariff on tarde between the countries incorporated in it. This study analyzes the impact of the implementation of the agreement of free trade agreements within the scope of the ACFTA (ASEAN China Free Trade Area) to the value of exports of 8 Indonesian agricultural commodities to China, namely: (1) fats and oils of animal / vegetable, (2) rubber and rubber products, (3) wood and wood products, (4) fish, shrimp and other seafood, (5) cocoa/chocolate, (6) coffee, tea, and spices, (7) of vegetables and fruits, (8) sugar and confectionery using different test paired samples (paired T test) against two observation periods, before and after the ACFTA. The empirical results show that the impact towards the increase in export value in eight commodity after the implementation of the ACFTA tariff of 0%, but it is also supported by the correlation between the increase in value of exports and the implementation of ACFTA tariff of 0% strong and positive. These results support the hypothesis that the ACFTA positive impact on agricultural commodity exports 8 Indonesia to China. The commodity most of the increase in export values is due because the implementation of the tarrif of 0% ACFTA is oil and animal fats/vegetable, rubber and rubber products, as well as wood and products of wood.


Keywords


ACFTA; Paired T Test; Komoditas Pertanian; Agricultural Commodities

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References


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Alamat Tim Redaksi:
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