JURNAL PERILAKU HARIAN HARIMAU SUMATERA (Panthera tigris sumatrae) DI TAMAN MARGASATWA DAN BUDAYA KINANTAN BUKITTINGGI SUMATERA BARAT

Muhammad Atha Khalis, Ulfa Hansri Ar Rasyid, Erdiansyah Rahmi

Abstract


Abstrak. Menurut IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) harimau sumatera masuk kedalam kategori terancam punah (Critical endangered). Harimau sumatera termasuk salah satu hewan dengan tingkat perawatan yang sulit dan sangat rawan kematian. Kematian tersebut tak terkecuali di wilayah kawasan ex-situ. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode observsi dan Focal animal sampling yang dilakukan dari pukul 08.00 sampai dengan pukul 17.00 WIB. Persentase perilaku harian harimau sumatera secara umum di Taman Margasatwa dan Budaya Kinantan (TMSBK) yaitu Boncel melakukan perilaku bergerak (43%), istirahat (39%), individu (12%), sosial (3%) dan agonistik (3%). Perilaku yang dilakukan Bujang Kinantan yaitu perilaku bergerak (17%), istirahat (64%), individu (14%), sosial (1%) dan agonistik (3%). Perilaku Bancah selama pengamatan yaitu perilaku bergerak (12%), istirahat (62%), individu (17%), sosial (10%) dan agonistik (0%). Perilaku Dara Jingga yaitu perilaku bergerak (5%), istirahat (79%), individu (15%), sosial (1%) dan agonistik (0%). Berdasarkan persentase perilaku harian harimau yang diperoleh dapat dilihat bahwasanya perilaku istirahat lebih dominan tinggi pada tiap individu, tetapi pada harimau Boncel memiliki persentase perilaku bergerak yang dominan, dikarenakan umur Boncel terbilang masih muda.

Journal Daily Behavior of Sumatran Tigers (Panthera tigris sumatrae) at Kinantan Cultural and Wildlife Park Bukittinggi West Sumatra

Abstract. Accordinglto the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), the Sumatran tiger is in the critically endangered category. The Sumatran tiger is one of the animals with a difficult level of care and is very prone to death. These deaths are no exception in the ex-situ area. This research used observation method and Focal animal sampling which was conducted from 08.00 to 17.00 WIB. The percentage of daily behavior of Sumatran tigers in general at the Kinantan Wildlife and Culture Park (TMSBK) is that Boncel engages in moving behavior (43%), resting (39%), individual (12%), social (3%) and agonistic (3%). The behavior of Bujang Kinantan is moving behavior (17%), resting (64%), individual (14%), social (1%) and agonistic (3%). Bancah's behavior during the observation was moving behavior (12%), resting (62%), individual (17%), social (10%) and agonistic (0%). Dara Jingga's behavior is moving behavior (5%), resting (79%), individual (15%), social (1%) and agonistic (0%). Based on the percentage of daily behavior of tigers obtained, it can be seen that resting behavior is more dominant in each individual, but the Boncel tiger has a dominant percentage of moving behavior, because Boncel's age is relatively young.


Keywords


Harimau sumatera; Perilaku harian; Konservasi; Focal animal sampling; Sumatran tiger; Daily behavior; Conservation; Focal animal sampling

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17969/jimfp.v6i4.18183

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Alamat Tim Redaksi:
Fakultas Pertanian,Universitas Syiah Kuala
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Email:jimfp@unsyiah.ac.id