Effect of Combination of Media Cultivation and Varieties Against Against Plant Growth and Yield of Tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill) By Hydroponic Substrates

Mega Marzarina, Mardiah Hayati, Elly Kesumawati

Abstract


Effect of Combination and Varieties Growing Media on the Growth

and Crop Tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill) in hydroponic
substrate. This study aims to determine the best combination and
variety of growing media on growth and yield of tomato plants
in hydroponic substrate. Research conducted at the Experimental Farm,
 Faculty of Agriculture, University of Syiah Kuala, which lasted from
January to May 2014. This study used a randomized block design 3 x 3
factorial design with three replications. This study consisted of two
factors, the first factor is the combination of growing media consisting
 of a combination of sand + rice husk, sand + sawdust, sand +
coconut coir. The second factor is composed of tomato varieties
Hybrid varieties (Peto-seed), Superior (Ratna) and Local (Ground).
Parameters measured were plant height and trunk diameter
respectively at 15, 30, and 45 days after plant (HST), the number
of flower planting age of 60, 67, 74, 81 and 88 days after planting,
 as well as the number of total fruit and total weight of the fruit
 planting. The results showed that growing media very significant
effect on the diameter of the stem ages of 15 and 30 DAT, the
number of flower planting age of 60, 67, 74, 81 and 88 days after
planting, the number of total fruit crop and the weight of total fruit
 crop, significantly affected plant height age 15 and 30 DAT, and
diameter at base age 45 HST. But no real effect on the plant
height age of 45 HST. The growth and yield of tomato plants
best seen in medium sand + husk. Varieties very significant
 effect on the amount of interest the age of 67 and 81 days after
planting, the total number of fruit crops and fruit weight total crop.
 But no real effect on plant height and diameter at base age of
 15, 30 and 45 days after planting. Growth and yield of tomato
plants best seen in hybrid varieties (Peto-sedd). There is a very
 real interaction between the growing media and varieties of the
total number of fruit crops and no real effect on other variables.
Best interaction that combined treatment of the planting medium
sand + rice husk and hybrid varieties (Peto-sedd).Keywords: tomatoes, Growing Media, varieties, hydroponic
substrate.

References


DAFTAR PUSTAKA

Badan Pusat Statistik. 2013. Produksi Sayuran di Indonesia. [http://www.bps.go.id](5 Mei 2013).

Balai Penelitian Tanaman Sayuran. 2007. Varietas Unggul Harapan Tomat Hibrida (FI). Bandung. 40 hlm.

Hermiati, U. A, Saepuddin dan H, Ilyas. 2002. Pengaruh Kosentrasi Oksigen dan Karbondioksida Terhadap Daya Simpan Buah Tomat Pada Penyimpanan dengan Atmosfir Terkendali. Pusat PenelitiatFisika. Teknologi Indonesia

Lingga, P. 2007. Hidroponik Bercocok Tanam Tanpa Media Tanah. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta. 80 hlm.

Makmur, A. 2003. Pemuliaan Tanaman Bagi Lingkungan Spesifik. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor. 53 hlm.

Prajnanta, F. 2004. Agribisnis Cabai Hibrida. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta. 172 hlm.

Prihmantoro, H. dan Y.H. Indriyani. 2005. Hidroponik Tanaman Buah. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta.

Rostini, N. 2011. 6 Jurus Bertanam Cabai Bebas Hama dan Penyakit. Agromedia Pustaka. Jakarta. 166hlm.

Sadjad, S. dan Yatim. 1997. Agronomi Umum (Diktat). Departemen Agronomi. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor. 140 hlm.

Wiryanta, B.T.W. 2007. Bertanam Tomat. Agromedia Pustaka. Jakarta. 102 hlm.

Wuryaningsih, S., A. Muharam dan I. Rusyadi. 2003. Tanggapan 3 kultivar mawar terhadap media tumbuh tanpa tanah. J. Hort. 13:28-40.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 


JIM Agribisnis|JIM Agroteknologi|JIM Peternakan|JIM Teknologi Hasil Pertanian|JIM Teknik Pertanian|
JIM Ilmu Tanah|JIM Proteksi Tanaman|JIM Kehutanan


Alamat Tim Redaksi:
Fakultas Pertanian,Universitas Syiah Kuala
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Phone:+62-
Email:jimfp@unsyiah.ac.id