STUDI HISTOLOGIS LAMBUNG SAPI ACEH. (Histological Study of Gastric in Aceh Cattle).

roza Agravion, Dian Masyitha, Zainuddin Zainuddin, M Jalaluddin, Nazaruddin Nazaruddin, Arman Sayuti

Abstract


Telah dilakukan penelitian tentang struktur histologi lambung (rumen, retikulum, omasum, dan abomasum) sapi aceh. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui struktur histologi lambung sapi aceh. Sampel penelitian diambil dari 3 ekor sapi aceh berjenis kelamin jantan, telah dewasa kelamin yang dipotong di Rumah Potong Hewan di Aceh Besar. Terhadap sampel penelitian dilakukan proses mikroteknik untuk selanjutnya dilakukan pewarnaan Hematoksilin-eosin (HE). Pengamatan terhadap struktur histologi menggunakan mikroskop cahaya binokuler. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, dapat disimpulkan bahwa struktur histologi lambung sapi aceh tidak berbeda dengan struktur histologi lambung ruminansia lainnya (sapi, domba, dan kambing), yaitu terdiri dari empat lapisan, tunika mukosa, tunika submukosa, tunika muskularis, dan tunika serosa. Lamina propria rumen menyatu dengan submukosa membentuk propria-submukosa dan terdapatnya kapiler fenestrated dibawah membran basal. Ciri khas dari retikulum sapi aceh terdapat pada lamina muskularis mukosa yang membentuk lipatan memanjang. Tunika mukosa abomasum terdapatnya kelenjar yaitu kelenjar kardia, fundus, dan pilorus.

(A Study to detect the microscopic structure of gastric (rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum) in aceh cattle. The purpose of this research was to know the histological structure of the gastric in aceh cattle. The samples were collected from 3 of male aceh cattle in Aceh Besar abattoir. The tissue samples were processed by microtechnique and Hematoksilin-eosin (HE). Microscopic analysis was performed using binocular light microscope. The study showed that the wall of gastric aceh cattle not different with another ruminasia (cow, sheep, and goat), they are made up of four layers, that was tunica mucosa, submucosa, muscularis, and serosa. The mucosa segment there are lamina epithelia, lamina propria, and lamina mucosa muscularis. At rumen, lamina propria merges to submucosa created submucosa-propria and founded fenestrated capiler under epithelium basal membran. The characterstic of reticulum based on mucosa muscularis which is create fold lengthwise. Mucosa of abomasum founded some glands, there are cardiac, fundic, and pyloric). 


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21157/jim%20vet..v2i3.7819

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