STUDI HISTOLOGIS USUS HALUS SAPI ACEH (Histological Study Small Intestine of Aceh Cattle)

Adi Firmansyah, Dian Masyitha, Zainuddin Zainuddin, Fitriani Fitriani, Ummu Balqis, Fadli A Gani, Azhar Azhar

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Telah dilakukan penelitian tentang struktur histologis usus halus sapi aceh yang terdiri atas duodenum, jejunum dan ileum. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui struktur histologi usus halus sapi aceh. Sampel penelitian diambil dari 3 ekor sapi aceh yang telah dewasa kelamin dan berjenis kelamin jantan yang dipotong di Rumah Potong Hewan Lambaro Aceh Besar. Terhadap sampel penelitian dilakukan proses mikroteknik untuk selanjutnya dilakukan pewarnaan Hematoksilin-eosin (HE). Pengamatan terhadap struktur histologi menggunakan mikroskop cahaya binokuler pembesaran 40x, 100x, dan 400x. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, struktur histologi duodenum, jejunum dan ileum sapi aceh tersusun atas empat lapisan, yaitu tunika mukosa, tunika submukosa, tunika muskularis, dan tunika serosa. Tunika mukosa duodenum, jejunum dan ileum tersusun oleh epitel silindris selapis dan terdapat sel goblet. Ketebalan tunika mukosa duodenum yaitu: (396,68±6,5 µm), Jejunum (339,46±13 µm), dan Ileum (451,92±6,5 µm). Tunika submukosa terdiri dari jaringan ikat longgar, buluh darah dan saraf. Tunika submukosa duodenum terdapat kelenjar brunner dan pada ileum terdapat nodulus limfoideus dengan ketebalan duodenum yaitu: (344,4±10 µm), Jejunum (227,98±7,8 µm), dan ileum (330,35±5,7 µm). Tunika muskularis tersusun oleh otot polos sirkular dan longitudinal dengan ketebalan masing-masing yaitu, duodenum (973,47±5,5 µm), Jejunum (475,5±9,8 µm)  dan ileum (670,51±13 µm). Tunika serosa merupakan lapisan paling luar dari usus halus dengan ketebalan berturut-turut yaitu, (335,34 ±7,4 µm) duodenum, (231,33±6,9 µm) jejunum dan (354,67±11 µm) ileum.

Kata kunci: Usus halus, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, sapi aceh

 

ABSTRACT

A Study to detect the microscopic structure of small intestine (duodenum, jejunum and ileum) of aceh cattle. The aims of this research was to know the histological structure of the small intestine in aceh cattle. The samples were collected from 3 of male aceh cattle in Lambaro Aceh Besar abattoir. The tissue samples were processed by microtechnique and Hematoksilin-eosin (HE). Microscopic analysis was performed using binocular light microscope 40x, 100 x, and 400x. The study showed that the wall of the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum are made up of four layers, that was tunica mucosa, submucosa, muscularis, and serosa. Tunica mucosa duodenum, jejunum and ileum consisted of ephitelium simple columnar cells and goblet celss. The thick of tunica mucosa duodenum are (396,68±6,5 µm), jejunum (339,46±13 µm), and ileum (451,92±6,5 µm).  The submucosa contain connective tissue, arteriole, venole and nervous. The submucosa duodenum conside of glands brunners and ileum of nodulus limfoideus and thick of tunica submucosa duodenum are (344,4±10 µm),  jejunum (227,98±7,8 µm), and ileum (330,35±5,7 µm). Tunica muscularis consists of two layers of smooth muscle inner circular and longitudinal. The thick of tunica mucularis are (973,47±5,5 µm) duodenum, (475,5±9,8 µm) jejunum and (670,51±13 µm) ileum. The tunika serosa forms the outermost layer with thick (335,34 ±7,4 µm) duodenum, (231,33±6,9 µm), jejunum and (354,67±11 µm) ileum.

Keyword: Small intestine, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, sapi aceh


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21157/jim%20vet..v3i4.7235

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