Resistensi Escherichia coli yang diisolasi dari telur Ayam di Beberapa Warung kopi kawasan Darussalam Kecamatan Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh terhadap Antibiotik (Escherichia coli Resistance that Isolated from Chicken Eggs in Several Darussalam Coffee Shop Syiah Kuala Sub-district Area Banda Aceh of Antibiotics

M.ARIF ALFURQAN, RASTINA RASTINA, ABDUL HARIS, NURLIANA NURLIANA, HENNIVANDA HENNIVANDA, ERINA ERINA

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui resistensi beberapa jenis antibiotik terhadap Escherichia coli yang diisolasi dari telur ayam dari beberapa warung kopi kawasan Darussalam, Banda Aceh.Metode deteksi E.coli mengacu pada Bacteriological Analytic Manual (BAM) dan pengujian kepekaan E.coli terhadap antibiotik dilakukan dengan metode difusi cakram.Penelitian ini menggunakan 21 telur ayam yang dari tujuh warung kopi.Antibiotik yang digunakan yaitu ampisilin, gentamisin, streptomisin, siprofloksasin, eritromisin, sulfametoksasol dan tetrasiklin.Data dianalisis secara deskriptif. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan ampisilin, eritromisin dan sulfametoksasol yang resisten terhadap 12 koloniE.coli, tetrasiklin dan streptomisin resisten terhadap 11 koloni E.coli, dan gentamisin resisten terhadap 2 koloni E.coli. Berdasarkan penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan E. coli yang diisolasi dari telur ayam yang dijual di warung kopi kawasan Darussalam Kecamatan Syiah Kuala Banda Aceh menunjukkan tingkat resistensi yang sangat tinggi yaitu ampisilin 100%, eritromisin 100%, tetrasiklin 92%, streptomisin 92% dan sulfametoksasol 100%) dan tidak resisten terhadap antibiotik jenis siprofloksasin dan gentamisin.

Kata kunci: Esherichia coli, antibiotik, resisten, telur ayam.

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to determine of antibiotic resistance in some types of Escherichia coli which isolated from Chicken Eggs in several Darussalam Coffee shop Banda Aceh Area. The Detection test of E.coli that reference to Bacteriological Analytical Manual (BAM) method and sensitivity test for E. coli to antibiotics is done by disc diffusion method. This study used 21 Chicken Eggs samples that collected from 7 coffee shop, the antibiotics that used were ampicillin, gentamycin, streptomycin, ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, sulfametoxazole, and tetracycline. The data were analyzed descriptively. The results of this study showed resistance to the ampicillin antibiotic, erythromycin and sulfametoxazole to as well as 12 E. coli colonies, 11 E. coli colonies for tetracycline and streptomycin, and 2 E. coli colonies for gentamycin. The conclution is this study showed a fairly high level of resistance on the egg that isolated from several Darussalam coffee shop area banda aceh, there is resistance to ampicilin antibiotic 100%, eritromycin 100%, tetracycline 92%, streptomisin 92% and sulfametoxazole 100%, and not resistance of ciprofloxacyn and gentamycin antibiotics.

Keywords : Esherichia coli, antibiotic, resistance, Chicken Eggs.



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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21157/jim%20vet..v2i2.6902

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